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Showing posts from March, 2021

What Do Lessons from the Industrial Revolution Have to Tell Us Today?

 A historical reversal of direction underway? k-b-W-unsplash T he nineteenth-century influenced the social-political and economic development of human life on earth in vibrant living color. Not! The nineteenth-century industrial revolution produced dreary over-crowded unsanitary conditions for human life, at its best. While eleventh-century walls raised humanity out of fighting for survival to living for prosperity, the nineteenth-century steam power saved hours in production labor and sank humanity into a dank swamp of pollution and over-population. Even the baroque city, which Lewis Mumford detested for its hollow core, had its saving graces. If most of the population in a baroque city lived in squalor, the wealthy still created a healthy balanced living style for themselves, not so in the industrial revolution. The idea of a healthy relationship between humanity and nature was erased in the cities during the industrial revolution. There is no more horrifying depiction of living cond

What is the Meaning of “Capitalism” and Other Out-Moded Terms?

 Time for a Language Upgrade? wonderlane-unsplash In the Beginning: The true history of eleventh-century civilization is a source of inspiration for contemporary apocalypse dramas. After five centuries of living in danger and uncertainty, walls were built around the town, so that the populous could focus on living rather than surviving. The church was the center of the community, attracting fairs, incorporating a marketplace and theatre, into its orbit. Technology had not developed to the stage that it required concentrated capital beyond the means of the ordinary citizen or town, creating an egalitarian society with a locally based economy in which wealth was created through production. Artisans and tradespeople typically made up four-fifths of the town populace. In the beginning, the economy grew through the activity of industrious producers before merchants gained dominance. Barter was the currency of exchange. And so I wondered, does the early medieval society qualify as a capital

Lewis Mumford, A Thinker for the Ages Tells a Tale Of Cities Since the Middle Ages

 In the beginning, the religiously centered city Photo by ali-nuredini-unsplash My Dad often spoke about his admiration for Lewis Mumford (October 19, 1895 — January 26, 1990) but I had never read Mumford and so when I saw a paper in my email on Lewis Mumford, I downloaded it, which only made me want to read Mumford in his own words. Although Mumford was an influential inspiration in Europe after World War II, it was not easy to find works by Mumford online. Finally, I found The Culture of the Cities by Lewis Mumford available in full on , billed as a wiki for arts, media, and humanities. Mumford describes The Culture of the Cities as a companion volume to Technics and Civilization saying in the introduction that “ each seeks to explore what the modern world may hold for mankind once men of goodwill have learned to subdue the barbarous mechanisms and the mechanized barbarisms that now threaten the very existence of civilization. “ Writing in a poetic voice and analytical